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References (PDF – 512 kB)



The list of references is not complete, has to be thoroughly checked for spelling mistaken and to be ordered.


1. Aviation Safety Network.


2. Hawk, J., The Boeing 787 Dreamliner: More than an airplane, Boeing 2005.


3. Leahy, J., Taking the lead: the A350XWB, Launch Conference, PowerPoint presentation, Airbus, 2006.


4. Bruno, M., Safety implications and management of ageing composite structured commercial aircraft. MSc Thesis, Cranfeld University, 2007.


5. Reuters, Major airbus A380 customer sending in the auditors, Herald Tribune, 2006/10/27.


6. Hegman, G., Exklusiv A400M – Technik uberfordert Airbus, Financial Times Deutschland, 12.01.2009.


7. Domke, B., Boeing 787 Lessons Learnt, Airbus, Ref. Pro813399, issue 2, 20.October 2008.


8. Alich, H., Airbus A350 krankt an Gewichtsproblemen. Handelsblatt, 21.05.2008.

see also: Airbus needs to reduce weight of A350XWB. Manufacturing.Net, May 21, 2008.

see also: Kingsley-Jones, M., Airbus increases maximum take-off weight on A350XWB. Flight International, 09/06.08.


9. Holmes, S., Boeing’s plastic dream machine. Businessweek, June 25, 2005.


10. (29) Udvar-Hazy, S., in: Gates, D., Airline kingpins tell Airbus: Overhaul A350. The Seattle Times, March 29, 2006.

See also: Ott, J., et al., Lessor Gods. Aviation Week,                                     


11. Wallace, J., Airbus upbeat on future; key buyer has concerns. June 19, 2007.


12. Leahy, J., in: Karp, A., Airbus seeks an end to A350 ‘chaos’, ATWonline, June 14, 2006.


13. Philips, D., The customer is always right. Herald Tribune, July 16, 2006.


14. Webster, B., Passenger aircraft rivals clash over safety of fuselage built from plastic. The Times, January 07, 2006.


15. Wall, R., Airbus researchers are bullish on composite. Aviation Week, Apr 18, 2005.


16. Rothman, A., Critism prompts Airbus to study options, CEO says. The Seattle Times, April 11, 2006.


17. Butcher, D., King of the sky: Boeing Dreamliner vs. Airbus A350XWB. Industrial Market Trends, October, 2006.


18. Associated Press, Airbus and Boeing face challenge of bringing fuel-efficient jets to customers. January 12, 2009.

19. Vandore, E., EADS pulled out of US acquisition after board ruled that managing cash is a priority. Hartford Courant, January 13, 2009.


20. Associate Press, EADS uncertain on first A400M flight; first delivery seen no sooner than 2012. Chicago Tribune, January 9, 2009.


21. Anon, Airbus Plane’s debut delayed. Wall Street Journal, September 26, 2008.


22. Hegmann, G., A400M verspatet sich zusatzlich. Financial Times Deutschland, 10.01.2009.


23. Wall, R., Airbus A350 completes Milestone 5 review. Aviation Week, Jan 2, 2009.


24. Wallace, J., Boeing delays 747-8, Seattle Post, November 14, 2008.


25. Matlack, C., Can Airbus keep its edge on Boeing. BusinessWeek, December 15, 2008.


26. Gates, D., Boeing plans workforce reduction of 4,500, with layoffs in second quarter. The Seattle times, January 9, 2009.


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28. Redmond, G., From ‘safe-life’ to fracture mechanics – F111 aircraft cold temperature proof testing at RAAF Amberly. 10th Asia-Pacific conference on non-destructive testing, Brisbane 2001.


29. Irving, P., et al., Routes to improved damage tolerance; prediction of damage tolerant performance of high strength and hybrid structures. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Delft, 2007.


30. Cheney, B., et al., Ageing airplane rulemaking. TP 185 – Aviation safety letter, Transport Canada, issue 2/2007


31. BEA accident reports. Concorde accident. 2002.


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33. Goodlin, D., Orbiter tile impact testing. Final report prepared for NASA – SwRI Project No. 18-7503-005, 1999.


34. Melis, M., in: Shooting for safety: Balistic team helps return Shuttle to flight. NASA, Return to Flight, 07.05.05.


35. VanderZanden. H., Sudden Impact. Aerospace testing international, December 2006, 82-86.


36. Peterson, R., Stress concentration design factors. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1953.


37. Wanhill, R., Milestones case histories in aircraft structural integrity. National Aerospace Laboratory NLR, NLR-TP-2002-521, 2002.


38. National Transportation Safety Board, TCSB/AART-04/04, In-flight separation of vertical stabilizer American Airlines Flight 578, Executive summary, 2004.


39. Wald, M., Rudder risk cited years before the crash. The New York Times, October 30, 2002.


40. Transportation Safety Board of Canada, Aviation Investigation report, Loss of rudder in flight, Air Transat flight 961. A05F0047, March 2005.


41. National Transportation Safety Board, Rudder Federal Express - Safety recommendation, A-06-27 an -28, March 24, 2006.


42. Pasztor, A., Older Airbus jets get high-tech rudder checks. The Wall Street Journal, December 19, 2007.


43. Lefeber, S., in: The Boeing Company: FAA approves Boeing 787 Dreamliner maintenance program. TMCnews, December 23, 2008.


44. Woodyard, C., Aircraft orders put carbon fibre prices in steep climb, USA Today, 7/3/2007.


45. Crawley, J., US seeks tests on Boeing 787 fuel tanks, wings. Reuters, Apr 13, 2007.


46. Masters, C., How Boeing got going. Time, Aug. 30, 2007.


47. Gates, D., Former 787 chief says Boeing rethinking its global manufacturing approach. The Seattle times, October 31, 2007.


48. Gates, D., Boeing unveils 787’s sleek “lines”. The Seattle Times, June 13, 2005.


49. Gates, D., Boeing may junk worldwide assembly for next yet. The Seattle times, November 01, 2007.


50. Warwick, G., US FAA wants 787 fuel-tank fire resistance demonstrated. Flight Global, 10/04/07.


51. Kirby, M., Boeing confident 787 lightning protection will pass FAA scrutiny. Flight International, 18/07/08.


52. Anon, 787 weight saving is costly. Flight International, 12/12/06.


53. Pritchard, D., et al., Strategic Destruction of the North American and European Commercial Aircraft Industry: Implications of the System Integration Business Model. Canada-United States Trade Center, New Yrok, January 2007.


54. Anon, 787 still needs to loose weight. The News Industry, 08-0-11-2006.


55. Wallace, J., Hazy on A380, 787-9, 787-10. James Wallace on Aerospace, 113. November 11, 2007.


56. Wallace, J., Lightening 787 led to snag, Seattle Post, March 20, 2008.


57. Matlack, C., At Air Show, the worry: Too many planes? BusinessWeek, July 11, 2008.


58. Wallace, J., Lightening 787 led to snag. Seattlepi, March 20, 2008.


59. Dodge, J., Boeing stiffens 787 wing box spars: More schedule delays possible. Design News, March 21, 2008.


60. Norris, G., Boeing completes 787 wing box structural test. Aviation Week, Nov 17, 2008.


61. Kaminsi-Morrow, D., Boeing considers re-centralising after 787 problems.

Flightglobal, 01/11/07.


63. Dunlop, M., Crowd welcomes the 787. HeraldNet, July 9, 2007.


64. Bair, M., in: Wallace, J., Boeing executives prepare to celebrate 787 rollout. Seattle Post, July 6, 2007.


65. Anon, Barreling along. The Economist, Sep 27th 2007.


66. Gates, D., 787 visionary out; new chief must make it fly. The Seattle Times, October 17, 2007.


67. Gates, D., 787 delay could wind up costing Boeing $1 billion. The Seattle times, October 25, 2007.


68. Bair, M. in: Gates, D., Boeing may junk worldwide assembly for next year. The Seattle Times, November 1, 2007.


69. Anon, Boeing 787 update. FleetBuzz Editorial, December 11th, 2007.


70. Greising, D., et al., Behind Boeing’s delays. Chicago Tribune, December 8, 2007.


71. Dodge, J., Boeing 787 Dreamliner still on revised schedule, shortages and supply chain problems improve. Design News, December 11, 2007.


72. Carpenter, D., Boeing says latest 787 schedule on track. USA Today, 12/11/2007.


73. Bahrami, A., in: Wilhelm, S., Delay of first flight squeezes timetable for jet certification. Business Journal, September 21, 2007.


74. Hunt, G. ‘Hamilton Sunstrand systems contribute to successful 787 Dreamliner power on’. PRNewswire, July 14, 2008.


75. Wallace, J., 787 certification whoops., 11 October 2007.


76. Lunsford, J., Boeing jet faces delays in the wake of walkout. Wall Street Journal, December 5, 2008.


77. Masters, C., How Boeing got going. Time, Aug. 30, 2007.


78. Wallace, J., 787 – A great window seat. Seattlepi, November 26, 2008.


79. Anon, GEnx Engines to power Air Pacific’s new Boeing 787. Press release, GE Aviation, Jan 9.2009.


80. Smock, D., Boeing 787 Dreamliner represents composite revolution. Design News, June 4, 2007.


81. Gates, D., Boeing 787: Parts from around the world will be swiftly integrated. The Seattle times, September 11, 2005.


82. Gardiner, G., An autoclave for the 787 center wing box. Composite World, March 2007.


83. Griffiths, B., Boeing sets pace for composite usage in large civil aircraft. Composite World, May 2005.


84. Kim, H., et al., Damage tolerance and durability of adhesively bonded composite structures. Airframer, February 2006.


85. Pea, P., AEROSPACE – Boeing bets 787 has the right stuff. Los Angeles Times, July 06, 2007.


86. Renstrom, R., Boeing’s big gamble: half-plastic Dreamliner. Plastic News, July 02, 2007.


87. Wallace, J., Fastener shortage may hurt production schedule 787. May 24, 2007.


88. Anon, ANA says Boeing’s 787 to arrive. BussinessWeek, August 2009, September 25, 2008.


89. Carson, S., in: Wallace, J., Boeing’s Carson — Q&A. Seattle Post, September 14, 2008.


90. Gates, D., Boeing fastener problems caused by Boeing engineers. The Seattle Times, November 20, 2008.


91. Anon, Boeing completes 787 “high-blow” test, strike stalls wing test. Composite world, 9/29/08.


92. Gates, D., Boeing finds problems with 787 fastener installation. The Seattle Times, Novemebr 4, 2008.


93. Anon., Fastener installation latest hiccup in Dreamliner project. Machine Design, December 11, 2008.


94. Ray, S., and Bertacche, M., Workers uses wrong fasteners on Boeing 787. Bloomberg News, 7/2/2008.


95. Gates, D., Boeing finds problems with fasteners on 787 test planes. The Seattle Times, November 5, 2008.


96. Boeing 787 Fastener diagram, in: Boeing’s 787 fastener problem, The Seattle Times, November 20, 2008.


97. Wallace, J., 787 won’t fly until 2009. Seattlepi, Novemebr 4, 2005.


98. Anon., Boeing 787 fastener problem might delay delivery. Manufacturing Net, November 05, 2008.


99. Anon., Rude awakening for dream factories. Flight International, 05/05/08.


100. Anon., Global Aeronautica shuts down for 24 hours following FAA audit. Aero-News.Net, 02 Jul ’08.

          See also: Gates, D., Boeing supplier halts work for 24 hours after FAA    audit. The Seattle Times, July 2, 2008.


101. Gates, D., Vought chief Elmer Doty explains why company pulled out of Boeing’s 787 program. The Seattle Times, June 11, 2008.


102. Ostrower, J. What’s up with this wing delamination claim? It’s not true! Flightblogger, December 13, 2008.

         See also: Boeing’s statement on 787 wing delamination claim, Flightblogger, December 17, 2008.


103. Rigby, B. et al., Brake software latest threat to Boeing 787. Reuters, Jul 15, 2008.


104. Wallace, J., Emirates, the 787…and other things. Seattlepi, December 18, 2008.


105. The 787 was first coined ‘7-late7’ in: Wallace, J., 787 briefing. Seattlepi, April 7, 2008 – comment posted by unregistered user #115582 at 4/8/08.


106. Gates, D., 2-year delay of 787 jet reported. The Seattle Times, December 5, 2008.


107. Anon., Boeing delays 787 first flight to 2009 second quarter, first delivery to 2010. ATW Daily News, December 12, 2008.


108. Trimble, S., Boeing makes leadership changes after new 787 delay. Flight International, 12/12/08.


109. Wallace, J., Airbus sales chief scoffs at rival’s 7E7. Seattle Post- Intelligencer, June 18, 2003.


110. Wallace, J., Airbus has harsh words for Boeing’s 7E7 ‘hype’. Seattle Post- Intelligencer, July 19, 2004.


111. Roland Thevenin, in: A350 composites – innovative, yet proven. Aircraft Technology Engineering & Maintenance – February/March 2006.


112. Cochennec, Y., et al., Second time lucky? Airbus is set to relaunch the A350 with a wider fuselage and a new wing, as Streiff takes charge. Interavia Business & Technology, autumn, 2006.


113. Wallace, J., A350 XWB – more from Steve Udvar-Hazy about the composite fuselage construction. Comment by gust 200, #41088, Seattle Post- Intelligencer, July 10, 2007.


114. BBC, Airbus gives go-ahead to new A350. BBC News, 6 October, 2005.


115. Kingsley-Jones, M., Second chance – the A350. Flight International, 17/01/06.


116. Anon, Boeing happy days with 787 progress as A350 waits in the wings.  Defence Systems Daily, 15/16 June 2005.


117. Mattlack, C., Airbus’A350: Flying into the storm? BusinessWeek, October 7, 2005.


118. Colin Stuart in: Reuters, Airbus A350 design won’t be changed. Marketing VP. Apr 10 2006.


118. Gustav Humbert in: Reuters, Airbus A350 design won’t be changed. Marketing VP. Apr 10 2006.


119. Kingsley-Jones, M., Airbus goes for the extra width – A350 XWB special report, 25/07/06.


120. Tim Clark in: Wallace, J., Airbus considers composite fuselage. Seattle Post- Intelligencer, November 4, 2006.


121. Thomas, G., Airbus confirms switch to composite frame on A350 XWB. ATW Daily News, September 20, 2007.


122. Kingsley-Jones, M., As Airbus A350 takes shape, can it avoid the A380’s trouble? Flight International, 08/07/08.


123. Kingley-Jones, M., Airbus confirms switch to A380-style nose for A350 XWB. Flight International, 21/09/07.


124. Gallois in: Done, K., Airbus fighting for future of A350. Financial Times, June 17 2007.


125. Wallace, J., Is Airbus about to make a major design change? Seattle Post- Intelligencer, May 25, 2007.


126. Tim Clark in: Moores, V., Emirates’ Clark outlines A350 XWB and 787 concerns. Flight Global 22/10/2007.


127. Wallace., J., Steve Udvar-Hazy on A350 fuselage design. Seattle Post- Intelligencer, June 19, 2007.


128. John Leahy in: Wallace, J., Airbus: A350 will be on time. Seattle Post- Intelligencer, June 5, 2008.


129. Anon, Emirates Air expects A350 design by Feb ’09.


130. Thomas, G., Airbus moving toward solid composite fuselage on A350 XWB. ATW Daily, January 26, 2007.


131. Scott Carlson in: Anon., Airbus A350 no match for Dreamliner. Spiegel, June 14, 2005.


132. Matlack, C, Can Airbus afford the A350? Business Week, December 4, 2006,


133. Tom Enders in: Gates, D., New Airbus plane will challenge both 787 and 77. The Seattle Times, July 16, 2006.


134. Kingsley-Jones, M., Airbus’s vision takes shape – Flight takes an in-debth look at the new twinjet. Flight International, 12/12/2006.


135. Anon., Swings and roundabouts – Boeing and Airbus are well placed to weather the recession. The Economist, N0v 27th 2008.


136. Hepner, T., et al., Airbus sees lower sales and deliveries in 2009. Reuters, January 15, 2009.


137. Rigby, B., Boeing, Airbus seen facing mass order deferrals. Reuters, Dec 17, 2008.


138. Ostrower, J., Reading Boeing’s tea leaves. Flightblogger, October 30, 2008.


139. Thevenin, R., Maintenance & repair validation. FAA workshop for composite damage tolerance and maintenance, July 2006.


140. Tsang, D., Airbus sets to announce weight increase to A350 WXB. Airways aviation news, 17th Dec 08.


141. Kingsley-Jones, M., Airbus plays down “A350 XWB overweight”. Flightglobal, 21/05/08.


142. Anon., Why new wing is key – A350 XWB. Flight International, 12/12/06.


143. Vandore, E., Airbus retains title as world’s largest planemaker. Asociated press, January 15, 2009..


144. Anon., Airbus pledges to keep A350 on track. Reuters, Jan 14, 2009.


145. Vandore, E., Airbus: A350 development on track. Associated Press, January 14, 2009.


146. Anon., Boeing scraps wireless system on the 787. The Associated Press, January 25, 2007.


147. Anon., Boeing’s new 787 could be unsafe, Rather reports. Reuters, Sept 18, 2007.


148. John Leahy in: Wallace, J., Airbus: A350 will be on time. Seattle Post- Intelligencer, June 5, 2008.


149. Tom Enders in: Wallace, J., Airbus says A350 will be on time. Seattle Post Intelligencer, January 14, 2009.


150. Mike Denton in: Weber, J., Boeing to rein in Dreamliner outsourcing. BusinessWeek, January 16, 2009.


151. Anon., Airbus, Boeing heading for tough 2009. Associated Press, Jan 12, 2009.


152. Wallace, J., Dreamliner partner to work on competing Airbus project. Seattle Post Intelligencer, May, 2008.


153. Creedy, K., Composite safety concerns are Red Herrings. Aviation Today, December 10, 2007.


154. Rakow, J., and Pettinger, A., Failure analyses of composite structures in aircraft accident. ISASI, Annual Air Safety Seminar, Mexico, 2006.


155. Hinton, M.J., et al., Failure criteria in FBRE reinforced composite: The worldwide failure exercise. Elsevier, 2004.


156. Hancox, N., An overview of the impact behaviour of fibre-reinforced composites. In: Reid, S. and Zhou, G., Ed., Impact behaviour of fibre-reinforced composite materials and structures, CRS Press, 2000.


157. Adams, D., Testing Tech: Compression After Impact Testing. Composite World, 11/1/2007.


158. Sierakowski, R., Impact damage-tolerant composite structural design. In: Reid, S. and Zhou, G., Ed., Impact behaviour of fibre-reinforced composite materials and structures, CRS Press, 2000.


159. Shanahan, P., in: Gates, D., Boeing provides first look inside 787. The Seattle Times, June 11, 2008.


160. Whitehead, R. S., Certification of primary composite aircraft structures. 14th Symposium of the international conference on aeronautical fatigue, June 1987.

          See also: Girma, Y., Stress analysis of carbon fibre reinforced –polymer matrix composite plates and laminates containing circular holes. Thesis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, Connecticut, 2007.


161. Henkhaus, K., Overview of research on composite material impact behaviour. 16th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference. 2003, University of Washington, Seattle.


162. Rouchon, J., Fatigue and damage tolerance aspects for composite aircraft structures. Delft, 1995.

         See also: Dutton, S., and Baker, A., Aircraft applications and design issues (fig 12.14). In Baker, A. et al Ed., Composite Materials for aircraft structures. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004.


163. Gardiner, G., Lighting strike protection for composite structures. Compositeworld, 7/1/2006.


164. Gates, D., Building the 787 – When lightning strikes. The Seattle Times, March 5, 2006.


165. Creedy, S., Tough test ahead for Boeing’s 787. The Australian, August 19, 2008.


166. Taylor, R., Fibre composite aircraft – capability and safety. Australian Transport Safety Bureau, Report AR-2007-021, 2008.


167. Levin, A., FAA rules for fuel tanks follow years of research, opposition. USA Today, 16-07-2008.


168. Mouritz, A., Fire safety of advanced composites for aircraft. Australian Transport Safety Bureau, 2006.


169. Hawk, J., in Warwick, G., FAA proposes special 787-fire test. Flight international, 10-APR-07.


170. Harris, B., Ed., Fatigue in composites. CRC, 2003.


171. Martin, R., Ed., Ageing of composites. Woodhead publishing, Cambridge, 2008.


172. Mahieux, C., Environmental degradation in industrial composites. Elsevier, 2006.


173. Salah, L., Tombli. J., and Davies, C., Aging effects evaluation of a decommissioned Boeing CFRP 737-200 horizontal stabilizer.


174. Summerscales, J., Ed., Non-destructive testing of fibre reinforced plastic composites. Springer, 2007.


175. Armstrong, K., Bevan, L., and Cole, F., Care and repair of advanced composites. SAE International, 2005.


176. Fawcett, a., et al., Boeing composite airframe tolerance and service experience. FAA workshop for composite damage tolerance and maintenance, 2006.


177. Fualdes, C., Composites @ Airbus damage tolerance methodology. FAA workshop for composite damage tolerance and maintenance, 2006.


178. Benedictus, R., et al., Ed., First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Delft, 2007.


179. Schijve, J., Fatigue damage in aircraft structures, not wanted, but tolerated. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Ed Benedictus, R., et al.,  Delft, 2007.


180. Vlot, A., Glare – History of the Development of a New Aircraft Material, Kluwer, Dordrecht (2001).


181. Roebroeks, G., et al, The development of Central. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Ed Benedictus, R., et al.,  TU Delft, 2007.


182. Reid, S. and Zhou, G., Impact behaviour of fibre-reinforced composite materials and structures. CRS Press, 2000.


183. Resnayansky, A., The impact response of composite materials involved in helicopter vulnerability assessment: Literature review. DSO-TR-1842, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Australia, 2006.


184. Ratna, D., Epoxy composites: Impact resistance and flame retardancy. Rara technology, Report 185, 2005.


185. Sparks, J., Lightining strikes – a look at how they affect aircraft and avionics. Aircraft Maintenance Technology, July 8th, 2008.


186. O’Loughlin, J., et al., General Aviation Lightning Strike Report and Protection Level Study. U.S. Department of Transportation, DOT/FAA/AR-04/13, August 2004 2004.


187. Anon., Pan American Flight 214, December1963. Aviation Safety Network.


188. Anon., Iran Air Force flight may 1976. Aviation Safety Network.


189. Anon., Trans World Airlines flight 881 July 1996. Aviation Safety Network.


191. Michael Crockaert in: Anon., Safe from thunder and lightning. EADS, 13 December 2008.


192. Anon., Safe from thunder and lightning. EADS, 13 December 2008.


193. Duwulf, S., Fuel tank safety, KHBO, Zeebrugge, 2008.


194. 40. Levi, A., FAA rules for fuel tanks follow years of research, opposition. UAS Today, 16-07-2008.


195. Wallace, J., Fuel tank safety systems comes standard on 787. Seattle    March 11, 2007.


196. Anon., Airbus A400M program delayed 6-12 months. Defence Industry Weekly, 05-Nov-2007.


197. Anon., A400M delays creating controversies. Defence Industry Weekly, 14-Jan-2007.


198. Lagorce, A., 400M transport could hit $6 billion in cost overruns. Market Watch, Jan. 12, 2009.


199. Montgomery, J., Aircraft primary structures and materials/ Noise control – 1030 and beyond. National institute of aerospace workshop revolutionary aircraft design for quit communities, Hampton VA, July 2007.


200. Brown, T., CRAHVI – Crashworthiness of aircraft for high velocity impact. Aeronaitics days, June, 2006.


201. Wiggenraad, J., et al., Development of a crashworthy composite fuselage concept for a commuter aircraft. National aerospace laboratory NLR-TP-2001-108.


202. Taher., S., et al., A new composite energy absorbing system for aircraft and helicopter. Composite Structures, 75, September 2006, 14-23.


203. Federal Aviation Administration, Final Special conditions: Boeing model 787-8 Airplane; Crashworthiness, 14 CFR part 25,  October 26, 2007.


204. Mouritz, A., Fire safety of advanced composites for aircraft. Australian Transport Safety Bureau, 2006.


205. Werfelman, L., The composite evolution. Aerosafetyworld, March 2007.


206. Eastin, R., “WFD” – What is it and what’s ‘lov’ got to do with if? First International Conference on Damage Tolerance of Aircraft Structures, TU Delft, the Netherlands, 2007.


207. Goranson, U., Damage tolerance – Facts and Fiction. DTAS Keynote presentation, 2007.


208. Bulman, E., Airbus official says A380’s failed wing test will not delay delivery. Financial Times, 20-Feb-2006.


209. 62. Feraboli, P., and Kedward, K., A new composite structure impact testing performance assessment program. Composite Science and technology, 66 (2006) 1336-1347.


210. Dilger, R., et al., Eurofighter, a save life aircraft in the age of damage tolerance. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Delft, 2007.


211. Chivers, P., Paris Air show review – Boeing confirms rollout, Aibus bounces back. Composite Worls, 9/1/2007.


212. Georgeson, G., et al., Electronic tap hammer for composite damage assessment. Boeing Defence &Space group, Seattle.


213. Smock., D., New tool may boost Dreamliner safety. Design News, September 22, 2008.


214. Glendon, A., et al., Human safety and risk management. CRC, 2006.


215. Perkins, F., Aircraft repair can and should be automated. Composites World, 5/1/2006.


216. Mangino, E., Carruthers, J., and Pitaressi, G., The future use of structural composite materials in the automotive industry. International Journal of Vehicle Design, 44, No.3/4, 2007, 211 – 232.


217. Brosius, D., in: Composite technology, Is the window still open for carbon fibre in automobiles, Readcorperate, April 2008.


218. Beumler, Th., et al., Controlling the damage with fiber metal laminate structures. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Ed Benedictus, R., et al.,  TU Delft, 2007.


219. Bothelo, E., et al., A review on the development and properties of continuous fibre/epoxy/aluminium hybrid composites for aircraft structures. Materials Research, Vol 9, No. 3, 247-256, 2006.


220. Roebroeks, G., et al, The development of Central. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Ed Benedictus, R., et al.,  TU Delft, 2007.


221. 81. Fredell,S., et al., “Carefree” hybrid wing structures for aging USAF transports. First international conference on damage tolerance of aircraft structures, Ed Benedictus, R., et al.,  Delft, 2007.


222. Wanhill, R., Milestones case histories in aircraft structural integrity. National Aerospace Laboratory NLR, NLR-TP-2002-521, 2002.


223. Gardiner, G., Carbon fiber in the wind. Composite World, 7/1/2007.

224. Teresko, J., Boeing 787: A matter of materials – Special report: Anatomy of a supply chain.


225. McConnel, V., Composites in the sky with Dreamliner. Aviation Maintenance, May 1, 2005.


226. Fredell, R., ‘Carefree’ hybrid wing structures for aging USAF transports.


227. Evans, D., B787 promises to be easier to maintain. Aviation Maintenance, August 1, 2006.


228. Anon., Boeing declares recent 787 fuselage drop test a success. The Associated Press, September 6, 2007.


229. Hamilton, S., 787 test planes to retain temp fasteners. Leehamnet, January 25, 2009.

See also: Wallace, J., First 787’s will fly without all proper fasteners. Seattlepi. January 26, 2009.


230.  Willard, A., et al., France to support Airbus via banks: source. Reuters, Jan 25, 2009.


231. Anon., Bund hilft Airbus-kunden. Handelsblatt, 27.01.2009.


232. Ogando, J., Boeings’s ‘More Electric’ 787 Dreamliner spurs engine revolution. Design News, June 4,2007.


233. Ostrower, J., Airbus books 777 comercial orders, delivers 483 in 2008. Flightglobal, , January 15, 2009.


234. Wallace, J., Aerospace Notebook: 787 wing break passes structural test., November 18, 2009.


235. Clark, N., Boeing to delay first test flight. The New York times, September 5, 2007.


236. Anon., Joining Composites. Machine Design, November 15, 2002.


237. Ostrower, J., Analysis: Understanding the new fastener challenge. Flightgobal, John Ostrower’s FlightBlogger. November 7, 2008.


238. Ponticel, P., Making an impact in fastening. Aerospace engineering & manufacturing, March 2008.


239. Wallace, J., First 787s will fly without proper fasteners. Seattlepi, January 26, 2009.


240. Anon., Air France delays jet tender, says Boeing, Airbus aren’t ready yet. Bloomberg, Nov 24, 2008.


241. Weitzman, H., at al., Boeing hit by first big cancelled 787 order. Financial Times, January 29 2009.


242. Weber, J., Boeing to chop 10,000 jobs. BusinessWeek, January 28, 2009.


243. Federal Aviation Administration, Special conditions: Boeing Model 787-8 Airplane; Composite fuselage in-flight fire/flammability resistance. FR DOC E7-16020, September 14, 2007.


 244. Federal Aviation Administration, Special conditions: Boeing Model 787-8 Airplane; Composite wing and fuel tank structure – fire protection requirements. FR DOC E7-20031, September 10, 2007.


245. Summer, S. et al, Composite and aluminium wing tank flammability comparison testing. International Aircraft Systems Fire Protection. Working Group, November 19-20, 2008.


246. Cavage, W., et al., A study of the flammability of commercial transport airplane wing fuel tanks. Federal Aviation Administration, DOT/FAA/AR-08/8, February 2008.


247. Federal Aviation Administration, Special conditions: Boeing Model 787-8 Airplane; Tire debris penetration of fuel tank structure. FR DOC E7-18931, September 14, 2007.


248. Ghandi, S., et all., Health hazards of combustion products from aircraft composite materials. Federal Aviation administration, DOT/FAA/AR-98/34, September 1998.


249. Mouritz, A., et all., Fire properties of polymer composite materials. Springer, 2006.


250. Anon., Philippine Air Lines Flight 143, 11 May 1990, Aviation Safety Network.


251. Anon., Information on Thai Airways international Boeing 737 explosion, National Transportation Safety Board, 2001.


252. Anon., TWA Flight 800. 17 Jul 1996, Aviation Safety Network


253. Anon., Update on investigation of airliner wing tank explosion in India. National Transportation Safety Board, 2006.


254. Wallace, J., NTSB to investigate apparent fuel tank explosion.



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259. Webster, H., In flight burn through tests. International Aircraft Systems Fire Protection Working Group, November 20, 2008.


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265. Anon., The 787 – What happens in fire’. PPRuNE Forums, www., 2007.

266. Anon., Civil and military aircraft accidents procedures for police officers and emergency services personnel. Australian Transport Safety Bureau, June 2006.


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267. Zang, Z., The effects of carbon fibre and carbon fibre dusts on Bronchoalveolar Lavage Component of Rats. J Occup Health 2001; 43: 75–79.


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271. Susshold, B., Evaluation of micro size carbon fibers released from burning graphite composites, NASA, CR-150217, 1980.

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272. Anon., ‘Most wanted’ list updated to account for reality. Aviation Safety & Security digest, 10 November, 2008.


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275. Masters, C., Will the Dreamliner soar? Time, Jul. 09, 2007.


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277. Carpenter, D., Boeing says latest 787 schedule on track. USA Today, 12/11/2007.


278. Hepner, T., Lockheed warns Airbus over delayed A400M. Reuters, Dec.16, 2008.


279. Ogando, J., Boeing’s ‘more electric; 787 Dreamliner spurs engine revolution. Design News, June, 2007.


280. Tsang, D., Latest delivery schedule ‘achievable. Airways Aviation News, February 3, 2009.


281. Ostrower, J., Airbus deliveries 12th A380 for 2008, meets revised divery goal. Flightglobal FlightBlogger, December 30, 2008.


282. Wallace, J., Airbus considers composite fuselage. Seattlepi, November 4, 2006.


283. Pearson, D. et al, Airbus parent EADS sees clouds ahead. Earnings, March 11, 2009.


284. Weir, K., UK urged to consider abandoning Airbus A400M. Reuters, February 26, 2009.



285. Anon, France wants to save A400M military jet. Businessweek, April 8, 2009.


286. Hoyle, C., Exlusive: France confirms interest in Boeing C-17. Flight International, 03/04/09.


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288. Anon., EADS should never have signed the A400M contract. Spiegel, 03/30/2009.


289. Anon., EADS denies new A400M aircraft delay, names point man. Reuters, Feb 22, 2009.


290. Deckstein, D., Emirates slams Airbus over A380 defects. Spiegel, 03/16/2009.


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294. Anon., Airbus predicts 480 deliveries in 2010. Leeham news and comment, April 7. 2009.


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296. Platt, C., Emirates halts A380 superjumbo flights. The Age, September 9, 2008.


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298. Anon., Can Boeing certify 787 in record time? Business Journal, February 6, 2009.


299. Gates, D., FAA to loosen fuel-tank safety rules, benefiting Boeing’s 787. The Seattle times, February 19, 2009.


300. Ostrower, J., Boeing to modify landing gear on later 787-8s to speed turnaround times. Flight international, 16/03/09.


301. Anon., ANA targets 787 delivery in Feb 2010. FleetBuzz.Editorial, February 2nd, 2009.


302.  McCoy, D., Airbus CEO wants governments to help finance sales. Wichita Business Journal, April 1, 2009.


303. Kirby, M., ILFC’s Hazy: Boeing initial 787 will be overweight. Air transport intelligence news. 18/03.09.


304. Drew, C., EADS willing to consider splitting Air Force tanker contract with Boeing. The New York Times, April 17, 2009.


305. Betts, P. et al., Airbus and Boeing’s plans fly in the face of recession. Financial Times, April 21 2009.


306. Lifson, T., Airliner wars. American Thinker, March 30, 2006.


307. Rigby, B., Boeing to delay first delivery of 787 for 6 months. Reuters, Oct 10, 2007.


308. Anon., Boeing’s willing to share on Air Force tanker. Associated Press, April 23, 2009.


309. Anon., Towards Toulouse. Flight International, 20/05/03.


310. de Bregianti, G., Inquiry spreads blame widely for A400M delays. Defence, Feb. 11, 2009.


311. Rothfeder, R., Bumby ride. Conde Nast portfolio, May 2009 issue.


312. Rothman, A., Airbus’ ‘big baby’ is too big. Bloomberg news, July 17, 2004.


313. Wallace, J., Airbus A380 a bit too superjumbo. Seattlepi, October 28, 2006.


314. Wall, R., Failing to deliver. Bloomberg, 4/3/2009.


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316. Gumbel, P., Trying to untangle wires. Time, Oct 08, 2006.


317. McVitie, D., Big Emirates A380 hurt for EADS. Gerson Lehrman Group, March 16, 2009.


318. Trimble, S., Boeing reveals 60 aircraft deferrals form 2010 an 2011. Air Transport Intelligence, April 23, 2009.


319. Gates, D., New 787 goes on diet to keep that svelte look airlines love. The Seattle Times, November 17, 2005.


320. Pea, P., Aerospace – Boeing bets 787 has right stuff. Los Angeles Times, July 06, 2007.


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323. UK Ministry of Defence, Lightning strike protector requirements for service aircraft. Interim defence standard 59-113, issue 1, 3 March 2006.

324. Anon., Fuel tank safety rules loosened towards lax. Aviation Safety Journal, February 11, 2009.


325. Hamilton, S., 787 lightning protection. Leeham news and comment, February 8, 2009.


326. Thomas, I., Development of a FAA special condition for flammability reduction systems. The fourth triennial international aircraft fire and cabin safety research conference. Lisbon, 2004.


327. Federal Aviation Administration, Special conditions: Boeing model 787-8 airplane; Tire debris penetration of fuel tank structure, Federal register, September 26, 2007.


328. Gates, D., Fired engineer calls 787’s plastic fuselage unsafe. The Seattle Times, September 18, 2007.


329. Tinseth, R., Testing, testing. Randy’s Journal, September 17, 2007.


330. Federal Aviation Administration, Policy statement on acceptance of SAE International Aerospace recommended practice 577 as an acceptable method of compliance to the Lightning Direct Effect requirements of §25.581. ANM-111-05-004, April 4, 2006.


331. Allen, T., Lockbolt and method for wiping material from a lockbolt joint. EP20000954744, 08/22/2000.


332. Anon., Boeing completes 787 Dreamliner ‘High Blow’ test. Boeing press release, Sept. 27, 2008.



333. Anon, Boeing Dreamliner: Out and closing in on wild yonder. The Seattle Times, May 5, 2009.


334. Anon., Boeing celebrates the premiere of the 787 Dreamliner. Boeing News Release, July 08, 2007.


335. Anon., Boeing 787 Dreamliner moves to flight line for testing. Boeing Press Release, May 03, 2009.


336. Anon., Boeing 787-8 Range analysis., March 2,3009.


337. Ostrower., J., Analysis: 787-8 weight examined. FlightBlogger, May 6. 2009.


338. Anon., 787 Dreamliner weight problem to be fixed after 20th aircraft. Plane nation, March.o8, 2009.


339. Ostrower, J., Early 787’s face turn time constraints from brake temperature issue. FlightBlogger, March 12,2009


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340. James, A., Updates from Boeing’s 787 flight test briefing., April 29, 2009.


341. Rothman, A., Airbus cuts planned A380 deliveries on deferrals., May 6, 2009.


342. Thomas, G., Bernstein research sees further delays, bigger range shortfall. ATW Daily News, May4, 2009.


343. Dodge, J., The Bair truth: Boeing’s extended 787 supply chain is risky. December 12, 2007.


344. Rigby, B., Boeing works round the clock to make 787 test flight. Reuters, May 1, 2009.


345. James, A., Boeing’s production is mission controlled. Seattle Post, April 30, 2009.


346. US Patent 7459048 – One piece inner shell for barrel composite fuselage, The Boeing Company, 01/31/2006.


347. Duong, C., et al., Composite repair: Theory and design. Elsevier Science, 2007.


348. Snyder, S., Boeing performs crash test on 787 Dreamliner. Design News, August 29, 2007.


349. Hamilton, S., Uncertainty exists over fighting composite airplane fires. Leeham News and Comment, March 10, 2009.


350. Baker, D., B-A2 post-impact fire, mishap 23 Feb 08. USAF, 20080223.


351. Tsotsis, T., Composite preform structural panel having electrically conductive stitching. The Boeing Company, US patent 6,794,012, 09/05/2002.


352. Anon., When should I replace my helmet? Bell Bike Helmets, 2007.


353. Summer, S., Cold ambient temperature effects on heated fuel tank vapor concentrations. Federal Aviation Administration, DOT/FAA/AR-TN99/93, July 2000.


354. Quintiere, J., Flammability properties of aircraft carbon-fibre structural composite. Federal Aviation Administration, DOT/FAA/AR-07/57, October 2007.


355. Rawling, D., Wide area lighting diverter overlay. US patent 20060051592, 09/19/2006.


356. Vargo, T., et al., Methods and materials for reducing damage from environmental electromagnetics effects. US patent 20020081921, 06/04/2001.


357. Rawling, D., Lightning strike protection method and apparatus. US Patent 7525785, May 13, 2008.


358. Anon., Composites repair. Composite World, Sourcebook, 1/8/2009.


359. Quynhgiao, N., et al., Lightning protector system for composite structure. US patent 7277266, WO/2007/123700, 29.03.2006.


360. Salvatore, L., Recognition and correction of sonic damage in fighter aircraft. The Boeing Company, 2001.


361. Clarkson, B., Review of sonic fatigue technology. NASA, N94-29407, April 1994.


362. Harpur, N.F. 1968. Concorde structural development. Journal of Aircraft 5(2):176–183.


363. FAA,  Instructions for continued airworthiness; aircraft engine high internist radiated fields (HIRF) and lightning protector features. Advisory Circular, 9/16/05.


364. Baker, A., et al., Advances in the bonded composite repair of metallic aircraft structures. Elsevier, 2002.



365. Tombli, J., et al., Bonded repair of aircraft sandwich structures. FAA, DOT/FAA/AR-03/74, February 2004.


366. Sung-Hoon Ahn, et al., Repair of composite laminates. FAA, DOT/FAA/AR-00/46, December 2000.


367. Roach, D., et al., Improving in-service inspection of composite structures – it’s a game of CATT and MAUS forever. NASA/FAA/DoD Aging Aircraft Conference, 2003.


368. Routledge, J., The commercial aircraft composites repair committee – CACRC – Aircraft composites repair decides the future. Enzine articles, 19 Mar 2009.


369. Seo, H., et al, Impact damage tolerance and fatigue durability of GLARE laminates for aircraft structures. Proceedings of the twelfth US-Japan conference on composite materials, University of Michigan, 2006.


370. Linde, P., et al., Modelling and simulation of fibre metal laminates. ABAQUES user’s conference, 2004.


371. Khan, S., et al., Post-stressing induced stress redistribution in fibre metal laminates for increased fatigue crack growth. Composites science and technology, Vol 69, March 2009.


372. Alderliesten, R., et al., Fatigue and damage tolerance issues with Glare in aircraft structures. International journal of fatigue, vol 28, 10, 2007.


373. Borgonje, B., et al., Corrosion. In: Vlot, A., Fibre metal laminates and introduction. Kluwer, 2001.


374. Vermeeren. C., Around Glare: A New Aircraft Material in Context. Springer, 2002.


375. Vlot, A., Fibre metal laminates and introduction. Kluwer, 2001.


376. Alderliesten, R., Fatigue crack propagation and delamination in Glare. Delft university press, 2005.


377. Alderliesten, R., et al., Fatigue and damage tolerance of Glare. Applied composite materials, vol 10, July, 2003.


378. Botelho, E., et al., Elastic properties of hygrothermally conditioned glare laminate. International journal of engineering science, vol 45, 2007.


379. Kokaris, N., Composite patch repair, Cranfeld University, 2006.


380. Vermeeren., C., Glare design aspects and philosophies. Applied composite materials, vol 10, 2003.


381. Schijve, J., Fatigue of structures and materials. Springer, 2009.


382. Roebroeks, G., Glare features. In Vlot, A., Fibre metal laminates. Kluwer, 2001.


383 Guocai, W., Mechanical behaviour of Glare laminate structures. Business Publications, Jan 2005.


384. Creedy, S., Airbus proclaims its A380 a success. The Australian, May 22, 2009.


385. Campbell, K., No real weight problem on A400M – Airbus.  Engineering News, 12 May 09.


386. Coulom, D., et al., Hamilton Sundstrand starts Boeing 787 Engines. PR Newswire, May 28, 2009


387. Anon., Airbus leads Boeing in slow race for orders. Reuters, May 8, 2009.


388. Trimble, S., Boeing reveals 60 aircraft deferrals from 2010 and 2011. Flightglobal, 22/04/09.


389. Destifani, J., A look at Boeing’s outsourcing strategy. Manufacturing engineering, March 2004.


390. Ostrower, J., Airbus thwarts industrial espionage at Tianjin plant. May 27, 2009.


391. Shannon, D., Chinese carrier Xiamen Airlines becomes first operator to cancel a firm Boeing 787 order. Flight Global, 16/06/06.

Anon., Boeing sees first 787 cancellation. Reuters, Aug. 7, 2008.

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Anon., Boeing says 787 remain on schedule for delivery. The Seattle Time, March 10, 2009.

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392. Rothman, A., et al., EADS profit threatened again as A400M unhinges Airbus. Bloomberg, March 9, 2009.


393. Anon., Airbus cuts forecast. Straits Times, May 11, 2009.


394. Anon., World’s first aircraft powered by biofuel takes off. Mail on line, 26 February 2008.


395. Karp, A., ANZ biofuel flight data: 1.2% fuel burn cut, 60% – 75% CO2 reduction on 12-hr. 747 flight. ATW Daily News, May 28, 2009.


396. Kelley, S., et al., Statistical Testing of Aircraft Materials for Transport Airplane Rotor Burst Fragment Shielding. Federal Aviation Administration, DOT/FAA/AR-06/9, May 2006.


397. Kingsley-Jones, M., Airbus increases maximum take-off weight on 350 XWB. Flightglobal, 09/06/08.


398. Kingsley-Jones, M., A350 weight growth will result in 1% fuel penalty: Airbus. Flightglobal, 10/06/08.


399. Ostrower, J., Trent 1000 engines fight to get back to spec. Flightglobal, April 7, 2009.


400. Tsang, D., Airbus set to announce weight increase to A350 XWB. Airways Aviation News, Tuesday, 16th December, 2008.


401. Ushakov, A., et al., Problabilistic design of damage tolerant composite aircraft structures. FAA, DOT/FAA/AR-01/55, January 2002.


402. Kelley, S., et al., Statistical testing of aircraft materials for transport airplane rotor burst fragment shielding. FAA, DOT/FAA/AR-06/9, May 2006.


403. Gunter, L., Dustbusters. How trusting employees and applying environmental innovation resulted in a better workplace. Boeing, 2007.


404. Gates, D., Key 787 crash test today. August 23, 2007.


405. Gates, D., Separation anxiety: The wall between military
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406. Anon., Rudder control rod. Airworthiness Directive, FAA-2007-0396, March 19, 2008.


407. McCarvill, W., et al., Guidelines and recommendations for the development of a material specification of carbon fiber/epoxy unidirectional prepegs. FAA, DOT/FAA/AR-02/109, March 2003.


408. Tomblin, J., et al. Bonded repair of aircraft composite sandwich structures. FAA, DOT/FAA/AR-03/74, February 2004.


409. Anon., Boeing’s Proposed 7e7 Launch Covers Two Aircraft, Warns of a ‘Subsidy War’. Newswise, 13-Jan-2004.


410. Flottau, J., Airbus, Boeing, the WTO and Pandora’s Box. The situation is more complicated than ever before. The Atlantic Times, November 2004.


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References (PDF – 512 kB)